The U.S. and other countries are struggling to combat corruption in their manufacturing industries amid a flood of foreign workers from China, India and other Asian nations, as well as the emergence of homegrown manufacturing from South America.
In recent years, a wave of imports from India and South Africa has contributed to an uptick in the amount of corruption in those industries.
As of late March, U.K.-based firm Vantage Consulting Group said the total number of imports into the U.A.E. in 2015 was up 17 percent from 2014.
More than 70 percent of the U,S.
imports from South Africa and India are from China.
In the past two years, Chinese imports into South America have surged to more than $2 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg News.
Chinese firms have been accused of rigging foreign elections, using fake visas and other shady tactics.
“China has become a major player in the world of labor,” said Paul Sturgis, the managing director of Vantage, which is based in New York.
“There is no question that it has been a boon to their economies.”
Vantage’s analysis of Chinese imports showed that the majority of them are from South Korea and Vietnam, the countries most affected by the wave of foreign manufacturing.
In 2015, China imported $1.6 billion worth of South Korean textiles, up $200 million from the previous year, the data show.
Vantage said South Korea imported $632 million worth of Chinese textiles last year, a 27 percent increase over the previous 12 months.
South Korea has become one of the largest buyers of Chinese goods in recent years.
Last year, it accounted for more than half of China’s exports to the U.-S.
The South Korean government has also stepped up efforts to fight corruption.
South Korea and India, in turn, have been increasingly aggressive in trying to clamp down on corruption, including a crackdown on the country’s biggest labor unions.
China has a strong foothold in India’s textile industry and has become the top importer of textiles from India.
In 2014, China accounted for $1 billion worth in Indian textile exports, up more than 20 percent from the year before.
India has become increasingly aggressive about combating corruption in recent decades, and the country is now home to the world’s largest number of foreign-born residents, with more than 1.2 million Chinese and South Korean residents.
India’s government has imposed harsh measures on the companies and unions that it blames for graft, including requiring companies to submit their accounts to auditing companies in China and offering them incentives to hire Chinese workers.
The crackdown has also affected Indian companies that are based in South Korea.
Last year, India’s trade minister banned South Korean imports of textile products and banned Chinese companies from using South Korean facilities to manufacture their goods in India.
Vantage Consulting’s Sturgiss said India has a “pretty clear pattern” of corruption and has “taken a very active role in trying and fighting against it.”
In 2015 and 2016, India imported $600 million worth, or 28 percent of South Korea’s textile exports.
Vista’s Sturdis said that while India and China are still a big market for South Korea, they have grown more important in the past decade as the Indian textile industry has grown.
There are about 200,000 South Korean workers in India and some 4 million Chinese workers, Sturdistis said.